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Les sites web de journalisme dit participatif en quête de normes identitaires communes ?

Abstract : Are journalistic websites called participative in search of common identical standards ?
Since the apparition of the social web, collaborative and participative dimensions have become constituent of news on line. Today, a journalistic website has neither credit nor influence of any sort without a space proper to readers. The expansion of recent news websites qualified as " pure players " such as Agoravox, Rue 89, Mediapart, Owni, Slate or LePost whose editorial lines are quite justly based on this participative aspect brings along the rupture of the journalists' monopole over the production of the media news. These medias are characterized by a similar presentation as a traditional written media on line, whereas they are different as to their functioning and positioning. They are based on news jointly held by passionate net sulfurs, common witnesses of events, experts but equally professional journalists. Moreover, they want themselves to be independent medias, free and transparent and claim therefore to mark themselves out of traditional medias. The on-line papers have recently appeared and seem heading toward the construction of an identity summoning common standards around the participative information. A certain convergence is to be noted about all the journalistic websites called participative, equally in their visuality, their layout, their architecture or their use of social network. The web users seem to share this homogenized feeling. Some users, interviewed concerning a doctoral research, consider themselves unable to make the definition of a journalistic website called participative but know how to recognize them surfing on the web. Let's not forget that these medias have all a national french version, accompanied, in most cases, by a declination of foreign versions (Quebec for Rue 89, Italian and English for Agoravox), local news (Marseillais for Agoravox) or thematic (Eco 89, NatureVox or CareVox). The national version type is rethought for each declination and there are no differences underlined, from one version to the other, as to the layout, suggested activities or the organization of the pages. We therefore suggest in the context of this communication to study standards and values of these socio-technical arrangements. We'll analyze stipulated uses by these journalistic websites called participative : Agoravox, Rue 89 and Mediapart. It is assumed that some actions by these websites are made compulsory, some others impossible or require to be done in a special way. The structure of these websites involves a certain number of constraints guiding users' activities. We aim to analyze the practices stated by these websites following from different operational propositions, their importance and their recurrence. In other words, we're trying to bring to light the affordances of the meanings (Gibson, 1977) of these socio-technical devices we're centering around, on the one hand "€the virtuality of the user€" (Bardini, 1966), which means representations made by the designer in the way of device affordances, on the other hand, "€the virtuality of the designer " (ibid), which means the barriers the user encounters on his way precisely traced out by these affordances, let's say limits and possibilities of the manipulation perceived through the technical object design. We're trying to make the implicit dialogue clear between designers and users detailing this coordination, this adjustment among the virtual members. Besides, we're suggesting to analyze stipulated uses explicitly showed by journalistic websites called participative (stay informed on this site, for example) for instance like those implicitly induced by the website through their operational propositions. The explicit forms of stated uses are clearly apparent ; they can be found in the notice or in the charter published directly on the websites. Nevertheless, how is it possible to collect the stipulated uses taking an implicit form ? We wondered on the proper methods to analyze the data improper to use for a member but to the device. We suggest a quantitative method inspired by the situational semiotic method developed by Alex Mucchielli (2005). This qualitative method allows us to formalize practices stated by these websites still keeping the complexity of the studied phenomena (Morin, 1990) and thus not to lessen the meaning to reductive explanations. In order to limit our interpretations of involved researchers, we're taking support on a grid allowing catching the different meanings arising to the member in situation, dividing the observations on different situational levels at the same time. We're putting forward the analysis of Rue 89, Mediapart and Agoravox to bring to light the standards and values shared by the three newspapers on line making sure to bring out their differences at the same time. We're showing for instance that Agoravox incites the reader among other things, to communicate about the website community whereas Rue 89 suggests its contributors to favor the visibility of sharing paying activities. This communication aims eventually to enlighten the reader about the normative processes engaged in the construction of a mutual culture and identity among all the journalistic webs called participative.
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 19, 2013 - 8:11:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 9:09:33 PM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Monday, January 20, 2014 - 2:30:21 AM


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  • HAL Id : hal-00840630, version 1


Marie-Caroline Heïd, Catherine de Lavergne. Les sites web de journalisme dit participatif en quête de normes identitaires communes ?. Communiquer dans un monde de normes. L'information et la communication dans les enjeux contemporains de la " mondialisation "., Mar 2012, France. pp.309. ⟨hal-00840630⟩



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