"Anaxagore : analogie, proportion, identité"

Abstract : Whereas analogy (be it understood either in the proper sense as an equality between two ratios or in a wider sense as metaphor or comparison) is widespread in ancient philosophy (which is self-evident when we read the other Presocratics, Plato and Aristotle), Anaxagoras does not use any analogy whatsoever. Instead, he focuses on another kind of relationship we will call "homology", by which we mean a relation of identity between two things. Moreover, whereas analogy would be used for heuristic purpose, we will see that homology is in each case revealed through inference. The aim of this paper is to try to show that these two facts are interconnected and that Anaxagoras has intentionally chosen to replace analogy with homology in order to make clear, through literary device, a universal law which underlies the phenomena, namely the irreducibility of the universal mixture, which turns out to hinder the activity of the cosmic Intellect as much as it enables it.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 29, 2014 - 5:54:44 PM
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Claire Louguet. "Anaxagore : analogie, proportion, identité". Philosophie antique - problèmes, renaissances, usages , Presses universitaires du Septentrion, 2013, 13, pp.113-145. 〈hal-01059346〉

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