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(Re)penser l’éducation à l’information et aux médias dans le contexte du web social.

Abstract : According to UNESCO, empowerment through " Media and Information Literacy " (MIL) is a prerequisite for fostering equitable access to information and knowledge and promoting free, independent and pluralistic media and information systems (UNESCO, n.d.). In the context of the social web, while new media are affirming themselves as spaces of interaction that can be an asset for civic engagement and for building a participatory culture, this empowerment takes renewed forms. While access to technology is becoming more democratic, a dual process is at work, marked by the rise, beyond social and cultural dimensions, of participatory and communicative dimensions: with both a top-down process that brings new arrangements of power within the media economy and changing ways of content production, and a bottom-up process in which actors take control over these new tools they can use as tools for integration and/or resistance, participatory culture being no longer limited to experienced users. However, this process of reallocation of power is not obvious. Developing a critical approach to information and media, giving more control over information and the power to engage and access more democracy requires going beyond the "thinking, classifying, categorizing", traditionally associated with information literacy, for implementing a "participating, confronting, sharing" in a networked world, combining various modes of access to information (printed/digital media, convergence between linguistic, iconic, auditory modes). On what conditions information and media education in the digital age can be a lever for social engagement and for building a participatory citizenship? Without seeking to systematically deconstruct the imaginary of participation, the objective is to go beyond an adaptation discourse turned towards consumption-production to take into account the effect of the choices made. That means, in a certain way, (re)politicizing information and media education so as to permit a (re)negotiation of power.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 25, 2018 - 4:32:27 PM
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2016_ EAIM_web social_L'Harmat...
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Yolande Maury. (Re)penser l’éducation à l’information et aux médias dans le contexte du web social.. Kiyindou, Alain, Barbey, Francis, Corroy-Labardens, Laurence. De l’éducation par les médias à l’éducation aux médias, L'Harmattan, p. 81-90, 2016, Communication et civilisation, 978-2-343-07510-5. ⟨hal-01399743⟩



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