Une représentation de l’Intifada en effet miroir dans le roman israélien en hébreu

Abstract : The representation of Arab characters and of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in recent Hebrew literature follows the evolution of Israeli politics in its relation to the Other, whether as Arab citizen or as Palestinian from the West bank or from the Gaza strip. This fiction shows us that Jewish writers wish to create increasingly autonomous Arab characters, at least in the sphere of literature. Between 1948, when the state of Israel was created, and 1987-93, when the first Intifada took place, the Arab Palestinian character evolved from non-existence to presence, slowly going through various stages of identification — physical, psychological, sociological, and political. Ultimately, this character found a voice, and even took on the function of narrator. The Palestinian uprising – the Intifada – changed the image of the Palestinian in Israel among Arabs as much as among Jews. Palestinian fighters became interlocutors and partners for possible negotiations. The novel by Itamar Lévy, Lettres de soleil, lettres de lune [Letters of the Sun, Letters of the Moon] (1991), radically altered the previously dominant narrative structure by using a Palestinian character as focalizer, whereas the Jewish character in his novel was no more than a stereotype, of the soldier or the enemy. The occupation is represented through the consciousness of a Palestinian child whose description of his everyday life blurs the boundaries between imagination and reality. Critics have underlined the novelty of such an approach which tries to bring another population to life. The author himself has suggested that his book is a projection onto a Palestinian character of an Israeli understanding of life in the occupied territories.
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Contributor : Françoise Saquer-Sabin <>
Submitted on : Sunday, February 4, 2018 - 6:48:00 PM
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Françoise Saquer-Sabin. Une représentation de l’Intifada en effet miroir dans le roman israélien en hébreu . Catherine Dalipagic. Guerres et conflits récents, La Représentation de la guerre dans les conflits récents : enjeux politiques, éthiques et esthétiques, ⟨Édition du Conseil Scientifique de l'Université Charles-de-Gaulle-Lille 3, collection UL3⟩, pp.455-470, 2015, 9782844671325. ⟨hal-01648603⟩

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